This page explains additional steps for using Kerberos for authentication in Hive on MR3.

Kerberos keytabs

In our example, we assume that orange1 is the host name assigned to the Services for HiveServer2, Ranger, and MR3-UI/Grafana, and that PL is the Kerberos realm.

Create a Kerberos keytab file for service principal hive/orange1@PL. In our example, we create a keytab file hive-orange1.keytab.

For accessing Kerberized HDFS, the user should create a keytab file with a user principal. For example, we can create a keytab file hive.keytab for principal hive@PL.

Copy all keytab files in the directories key and timeline-key.

$ ls key/*.keytab
key/hive.keytab  key/hive-orange1.keytab

$ ls timeline-key/*.keytab
key/hive.keytab  key/hive-orange1.keytab

For Ranger, create three Kerberos keytab files with exactly the following names and copy them in the directory ranger-key.

  • rangeradmin.keytab with admin service principal rangeradmin/orange1@PL
  • spnego.service.keytab with SPNEGO service principal HTTP/orange1@PL
  • rangerlookup.keytab with lookup principal rangerlookup@PL
$ ls ranger-key/*.keytab
ranger-key/rangeradmin.keytab  ranger-key/rangerlookup.keytab  ranger-key/spnego.service.keytab

Update as follows:

$ vi

  • CREATE_KEYTAB_SECRET specifies whether or not to create a Secret from files in the directory key and should be set to true. Similarly CREATE_RANGER_SECRET for creating a Secret from files in the directory ranger-key, and CREATE_TIMELINE_SECRET for creating a Secret from files in the directory timeline-key.
  • Since Metastore uses Kerberos-based authentication, set METASTORE_SECURE_MODE to true. HIVE_METASTORE_KERBEROS_PRINCIPAL and HIVE_METASTORE_KERBEROS_KEYTAB specify the service principal name and the service keytab file, respectively.
  • Since HiveServer2 uses Kerberos-based authentication, set HIVE_SERVER2_AUTHENTICATION to KERBEROS. HIVE_SERVER2_KERBEROS_PRINCIPAL and HIVE_SERVER2_KERBEROS_KEYTAB specify the service principal name and the service keytab file, respectively.

For accessing Kerberized HDFS, set the following variables. See Accessing Kerberized HDFS for additional steps.

$ vi


  • USER_PRINCIPAL specifies the principal name to use when renewing HDFS tokens.
  • USER_KEYTAB and KEYTAB_MOUNT_FILE specify the name of the keytab file.
  • TOKEN_RENEWAL_HDFS_ENABLED should be set to true in order to automatically renew HDFS tokens.

Configuring for Kerberos

Follow the instructions in Configuring for Kerberos.